Diferencias en las Percepciones del Entrenamiento Entre Entrenadores y Deportistas
Differences in Perceptions of Training by Coaches and Athletes
Department of exercise and Sport Science, University of Wisconsin-La Crosse, La Crosse, Wisconsin, Estados Unidos.
Artículo publicado en el journal Revista de Entrenamiento Deportivo, Volumen 28, Número 1 del año 2014.
Publicado 6 de abril de 2014
Palabras clave: esfuerzo percibido, carga de entrenamiento, fatiga crónica, estrés
Objective. Despite careful planning by professionally educated coaches, overtraining syndrome remains a common problem among competitive athletes. In this study we compare the training plan designed by coaches with that executed by athletes to test the hypothesis that a potential cause of overtraining syndrome may be unrecognised errors in the execution of the training programme by athletes.
Design. Volunteer competitive runners (N = 15) recorded their training over a 5-week period using the session rating of perceived exertion (RPE) method of training monitoring, which multiplies a global rating of exercise intensity using the category ratio RPE scale by the duration of training to create a calculated training load. Independently, their coaches also recorded what they intended the athletes to do in training.
Setting. University-based athletics team.
Main outcome measure. Correspondence between coaches’ and athletes’ rating of the coaches’ training programme.
Results. The correlation between coaches’ and athletes’ training LOAD (r = 0.72), training intensity (r = 0.75), and training duration (r= 0.65) was modestly strong. For training sessions intended by the coaches to be low intensity, the athletes trained at a significantly (P < 0.05) higher RPE than intended (mean ± standard deviation) (1.8 ± 0.5 vs 2.4 ± 1.4) and had a significantly higher training LOAD (91 ± 43 vs 128 ± 92), despite similar training duration (50 ± 16. vs 49 ± 21 min). For training sessions intended by the coaches to be of intermediate intensity, there were no differences between the coaches’ and athletes’ training RPE (3.4 ± 0.7 vs 3.4 ± 1.4), training LOAD (196 ± 66 vs 210 ± 149), or training duration (58 ± 16 vs 59 ± 22 minutes). For training sessions intended by the coaches to be of high intensity, the athletes trained at a significantly lower RPE (7.1 ± 1.2 vs 6.2 ± 2.5) and training LOAD (486 ± 194 vs 422 ± 256), despite no differences in training duration (67 ± 20 vs 66 ± 26 minutes).
Conclusions. We conclude that there are significant differences between the training plan as designed by the coaches and executed by the athletes. These differences are of a configuration and magnitude such that they may be a reasonable cause of the high incidence of maladaptations to training in athletes.
Keywords: perceived exertion, training load, chronic fatigue, stress